Monday, February 9, 2009

Liang Tea Part 1 : Imperata Cylindrical

Posture: herb, grass, creep, 30-180 cm high. Trunk: rimpang, creep under the ground, establish a vertical shaft flower, compact, in the rare book blond. Leaf: a single, coherent each other close, blade; ribbon-shaped, spire sharp, straight, rough, often blond, the size of 12-80 cm. x 35-18 cm. Interest: the order of compound fascicle compound, quite close, 6-28 cm long, each branch has 2 fascicle, 2,5-5 cm branch, flower stalk 1-3 mm, gluma 1; edge bersilia, 3-6 nerves, Lemma 1 (hull); rounded out the eggs, silia short 1,5-2,5 mm. Lemma 2 (hull); lengthwise, tapering 0,5-2,5 mm. Palea (hull); 0,75-2 mm. Stamen: the essence 2,5-3,5 mm, white or purple colors. Pistil: the quill-shaped ovary. Fruit: the type of rice. The seeds: ellipse-shaped, 1 mm long over. Flowering time: January to December. 

Dr. Setiawan Dalimartha in his book, herb Traditional Medicine for Hepatitis, said that overseas reed drug patents have been made. Not only in Indonesia, the reed known many countries have a lot of property for the health. Some research results indicate there is a womb manitol, glucose, sakharosa, malic acid, citric acid, coixol, arundoin, cylindrin, fernenol, simiarenol, anemonin, gravel acid, resin, and alkali metal in it. With the nature diuretik held, and the reed is able to throw urine. In addition, the reed is also useful to cure the disease acute kidney inflammation. Diuretik nature is also useful to control your blood pressure is likely higher. Hemostatik nature can stop the bleeding is believed, can also be used in addition to the nosebleed and bleeding in the. 

The reed plants that can be used as traditional medicine is rimpang, either fresh or dried have been. The womb-womb, the reed is a antipiretik (lower heat), diuretik (urine cause to fall), hemostatik (stop bleeding), and the thirsty.

Effect BIOLOGY and FARMAKOLOGI Infusa rimpang reed effect as diuretika, on the basis of the increased concentration of electrolyte (Na, K, Cl) urin white male rat. Giving infusa root of the reed with a dose of 40, 50, 60, 70 g / kgBB effect on antipiretik marmot. Infusa interest reed on the concentration of 10% with a dose of 12 ml / kgBB effect antipiretik is relatively the same as paracetamol Suspensi 10% in the pigeon.
Test Clinic: Dekokta root of the reed with a dose of 250-300 g, 2 times morning and evening can cure 27 cases out of 30 people with acute nefritis.

On nefritis chronic, herb reed can reduce edema and lower blood pressure. 250 g Dekokta herb in the form of single or combined with rimpang and Nelumbo nucifera leaves and leaf Agrimonia pilosa can treat epistaksis (nosebleed), hemoptisis (coughing blood), hematuri (blood, urine), menorrhagia, gastrointestinal bleeding, and the top. In addition, also reported that dekokta root of the reed can be effective treatment for acute viral hepatitis in 28 cases, usually used in conjunction with the Plantago asiatica, Glechoma longituba and shoot Artemisia capillaris.

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